Popularity
2.0
Growing
Activity
1.6
-
77
3
9

Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Latest version: v1.6.0

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README

DIKit

Dependency Injection Framework for Swift, inspired by KOIN. Basically an implementation of service-locator pattern, living within the application's context.

Grow as you go!

We started small, it perfectly fits our use case.

Installation

Via Carthage

DIKit can be installed using Carthage. After installing Carthage just add DIKit to your Cartfile:

github "Liftric/DIKit" ~> 1.6

Via CocoaPods

CocoaPods is a dependency manager for Swift and Objective-C Cocoa projects. After installing CocoaPods add DIKit to your Podfile:

platform :ios, '9.0'
pod 'DIKit', '~> 1.6'

Basic usage

  1. Define some sub DependencyContainer (basically some sort of module declaration): ```swift import DIKit

public extension DependencyContainer { static var backend = module { single { Backend() as BackendProtocol } } }

public extension DependencyContainer { static var network = module { single { Network() as NetworkProtocol } } }

public extension DependenyContainer { static var app = module { single { AppState() as AppStateProtocol } factory { StopWatch() as StopWatchProtocol } } }


2. Set the root `DependencyContainer` and set it before the application gets initialised:
```swift
import DIKit

@UIApplicationMain
class AppDelegate: UIApplicationDelegate {
    override init() {
        super.init()
        DependencyContainer.defined(by: modules { .backend; .network; .app })
    }
}

Without sub DependencyContainer the following shorthand writing also does the job:

import DIKit

@UIApplicationMain
class AppDelegate: UIApplicationDelegate {
    override init() {
        super.init()
        DependencyContainer.defined(by: module {
            single { AppState() as AppStateProtocol }
            factory { StopWatch() as StopWatchProtocol }
        })
    }
}
  1. Inject the dependencies, for instance in a module: ```swift import DIKit

class Backend: BackendProtocol { @Inject var network: NetworkProtocol }


or a `ViewController`:
```swift
import DIKit

class FirstViewController: UIViewController {
    // MARK: - Dependencies
    @LazyInject var backend: BackendProtocol
    @OptionalInject var stopwatch: StopWatchProtocol?

    // MARK: - View lifecycle
    override func viewWillAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
        let result = backend.fetch()
        print(result)
    }
}

Injection via constructor:

import DIKit

struct AppState: AppStateProtocol {
    private let backend: BackendProtocol
    init(backend: BackendProtocol = resolve()) {
        self.backend = backend
    }
}

Advanced usage

Resolving by Tag

When registering your dependencies you can optionally define a tag. The tag can be anything, as long as it is AnyHashable.

This way you can register different resolvable dependencies for the same Type.

enum StorageContext: String {
    case userdata
    case systemdata
}

public extension DependencyContainer {
    static var app = module {
        factory(tag: StorageContext.systemdata) { LocalStorage() as LocalStorageProtocol }
        factory(tag: StorageContext.userdata) { LocalStorage() as LocalStorageProtocol }
    }
}

You can then reference the same tag when resolving the type and can thus resolve different instances. Referencing the tag works with all injection methods.

import DIKit

class Backend: BackendProtocol {
    @Inject(tag: StorageContext.systemdata) var injectedStorage: LocalStorageProtocol
    @LazyInject(tag: StorageContext.systemdata) var lazyInjectedStorage: LocalStorageProtocol
    @OptionalInject(tag: StorageContext.systemdata) var optionalInjectedStorage: LocalStorageProtocol?

    private let constructorInjectedStorage: LocalStorageProtocol
    init(storage: LocalStorageProtocol = resolve(tag: StorageContext.systemdata)) {
        self.constructorInjectedStorage = storage
    }
}